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The 8000 years rich history in this area makes it impossible to select the most... the most valuable, the most interesting, the most special… Some parts of our historical mosaic and heritage have crossed the borders of our fields with their importance and have become a part of European and world heritage.
The archaeological locality Vučedol, which is situated on the banks of the Danube River near Vukovar, is a place of continuous settlements and one of the most important archaeological localities in the country. Due to the importance of its findings it gave the name to a whole Eneolithic culture, and at the same time it is its origin. Vučedol was a settlement that inhabited peasants, farmers, hunters and copper processors, which had its “golden era” from 3000 to 2200 BC. The Vučedol dove was found there in 1938.
The oldest inhabited settlement with the longest continuity of living is Vinkovci. Series of archaeological findings, among them the most interesting Orion –the oldest European calendar, prove that. The pot found in the center of the town Vinkovci, on site of today’s hotel “Slavonija”, with a range of painted symbols is the oldest record of time measurement in Europe – 8000 years old. From that time until today, man has never left this area.
A king and a saint chose the medieval town Ilok for their home. The King was Nikola of Ilok, and the saint St. John of Capistrano. The castle, the church, the walls and tombs are only a part of historical testimony of rich and tumultuous past of Ilok. The border was kept by the inhabitants of Ilok. The Danube and the wine from the Ilok vineyards grown on the hills of Fruška Gora are the identity card of the present Ilok.
Čardak is the border fortress on the Sava River in Županja built in the beginning of the 19 century and today it is the only preserved example of the Military Frontier architecture in Croatia. Football and tennis, brought by the English who lived there and built a tannin factory, were first played in Županja.
Vukovar has his Nobel Prize winner - Lavoslava Ruzicka.